WDAV Blog

Another Prime Candidate for Charlotte Symphony’s Baton

By Lawrence Toppman

The Charlotte Symphony Orchestra hasn’t specified which of the guest conductors this season and next will be considered for the music directorship in 2023-24. Joshua Gersen took the podium this weekend as a late replacement for Kwame Ryan, who’ll appear next season, so I have no idea whether Gersen even wants the job. But on the evidence of Friday’s concert at Knight Theater, he belongs in the front rank of contenders.

Gersen and violinist Jinjoo Cho teamed for an introspective, insightful and finally incendiary reading of Samuel Barber’s Violin Concerto. Gersen also led the CSO through an unfamiliar piece, Errollyn Wallen’s “Mighty River,” and one where long familiarity can lead to boredom in an indifferent performance: Robert Schumann’s Third Symphony, the “Rhenish.” He guided us wisely through the former and blew the dust off the latter with a buoyant reading.

Gersen, who recently concluded a gig as assistant conductor of the New York Philharmonic, introduced the evening by suggesting we think of the pieces as linked by songfulness. “River,” a 2007 piece commemorating the 200th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in Britain, uses the British hymn “Amazing Grace” as the groundwork for variations. Barber and Schumann each wrote a tremendous amount of vocal music and made some of their orchestral pieces songful, too.

He might also have said the three were connected by rivers. Wallen grew up and studied by the Thames in London and the Hudson in New York City. Barber studied and taught in Philadelphia, along the Delaware, then lived with fellow composer Gian Carlo Menotti off the Hudson above New York. Schumann finished his symphony in Dusseldorf, along the Rhine. All three of these works flow with unceasing energy, and Gersen had his fingers on the pulse of each.

Wallen’s curtain-raiser suggested Bedrich Smetana’s “Moldau” at times, not melodically but in the swirls and eddies of music that steadily built in intensity. She used snatches of the American spirituals “Deep River” and (if I heard right) “Going Home,” as the piece buzzed and thrust forward to a strong conclusion.

Gersen showed us at once how he thought the Schumann should go. The taut, bracing opening movement and breezy scherzo reminded me of George Szell’s landmark recording with the Cleveland Orchestra, my favorite. Gersen relaxed in the gracious third movement, gave us a warm but never ponderous fourth – it’s marked “feierlich,” or “solemnly” – and then swept us through the finale, wiping out memories of the watery horns that marred earlier sections.

Yet the Barber concerto remained the high point of the concert. Joy lit Gersen’s face as he gently suppressed the orchestra in Barber’s quieter solo passages and unleashed it for thunderous climaxes. He also beamed at Cho, who sometimes bounced in smiling approval when she wasn’t playing.

Cho took her earliest solos with a small, sweet, silvery sound, ruminative but unsentimental. Her passion mounted as Barber’s did, and she produced the most captivatingly intense rendering of the beautiful slow movement I can recall. (“She’s a human singing violin,” said my wife, aptly.) The pyrotechnics of the fiddle-busting final movement lifted her, Gersen, the orchestra and the audience to the highest level of delighted delirium.

Pictured: Joshua Gersen by Chris Lee.

22 Under 22: Achievements in Classical Music for Women’s History Month 2022

By Connie Kim

As part of WDAV’s 2022 Women’s History Month celebrations, we’re highlighting 22 young women in classical music and their incredible achievements before the age of 22. Featuring instrumentalists, opera singers, conductors, composers, and beyond, this list represents just a fraction of the crucial contributions women and girls have made to classical music since its earliest stages of development. Happy Women’s History Month!

     


     

1. Jennifer Pike (1989 – )

At just 12 years old, violinist Jennifer Pike became the youngest-ever winner of the BBC Young Musician of the Year, followed by debuts at the BBC Proms and Wigmore Hall at 15. The following year, Pike was awarded a scholarship to study at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama on a specially-created postgraduate course, never before undertaken by someone of her age. She graduated with First Class Honors in Music from Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford in 2012, where she is now the Artist-In-Residence.

     

VIDEO: Jennifer Pike: ‘Sarabande’ | National Portrait Gallery Session

     

2. Isata Kanneh-Mason (1996 – )

Before turning 22, pianist Isata Kanneh-Mason had won The Royal Academy Iris Dyer Piano Prize four times and received the 2016 Mrs. Claude Beddington Prize for outstanding recital results at the Royal Academy of Music, among numerous other awards. Last year, she became the 2021 Best Classical Artist recipient at the Global Awards along with her siblings. 

     

VIDEO: Clara Schumann: Piano Concerto in A Minor, Op. 7 – 1. Allegro maestoso

     

3. Lili Boulanger (1893 – 1918)

At 19 years old, Lili Boulanger became the first woman to win the prestigious Prix de Rome composition prize for her cantata Faust et Hélène. 


     

     

     
     


4. Patrice Munsel (1925 – 2016)

At 17 years old, Patrice Munsel became the youngest star ever to sing at the Metropolitan Opera in 1943. She would go on to sing at the Metropolitan Opera 225 times over the course of her career. 


     

     

5. Laura van der Heijden (1997 – )

Cellist Laura van der Heijden won the BBC Young Musician competition at just 15 years old. Since graduating from Cambridge University in 2019, she has performed with the BBC National Orchestra of Wales, the Tchaikovsky Symphony, the Prague Symphony, the London Philharmonic and BBC Philharmonic Orchestras, and the Los Angeles Philharmonic.

VIDEO: BBC Young Musician of the Year 2012 – Strings Final Winner Laura van der Heijden – Cello

     

6. Grace Moore (2008 – )

Grace Moore has already begun to make a name for herself as a composer at just 14 years old. The New York Symphony-Philharmonic performed her piece “Summer” in 2020. 

VIDEO: New York Philharmonic Very Young Composer Grace Moore’s “Summer”
     

Clara Schumann portrait.
Clara Schumann / Andreas Staub

7. Clara Schumann (1819 – 1896)

Clara Schumann, who would go on to become an esteemed composer and one of Europe’s leading piano virtuosi, was a child prodigy who gave her solo debut in the Leipzig Gewandhaus at the age of 11. 

     

     

     


     

Martha Argerich during a rehearsal with the orchestra for the final of the VII International Chopin Piano Competition.
Martha Argerich / Siemaszko Zbyszko

8. Martha Argerich (1941 – )

In 1957, legendary pianist Martha Argerich won both the Geneva International Music Competition and the Ferruccio Busoni International Competition within three weeks of each other at age 16. 

     

     


     


Sarah Chang before performing outdoor at the Festival I suoni delle Dolomiti in 2005.
Sarah Chang / Silvio Bacchetta

9. Sarah Chang (1980 – )

Violinist Sarah Chang first played as a soloist with the New York Philharmonic and the Philadelphia Orchestra in 1989, when she was 9 years old. At 19, Chang became one the first women and the youngest recipient ever of the Avery Fisher Prize.

     

     

     


     

10. Jess Gilham (1998 – )

After making history as the first saxophonist to win the BBC Young Musician Woodwind Final, Jess Gilham made her BBC Proms debut at 18 in 2017. Gilham has now released a pair of albums: “RISE” (2019) and “TIME” (2020). 

VIDEO: Barbican Sessions: Jess Gillam

     

11. Alma Deutscher (2005 – )

Born in 2005, Alma Deutscher composed her first piano sonata at 6 years old, then completed a concerto for violin and orchestra at 9. These were followed by a piano concerto and a full length opera, Cinderella. Commissioned by the Salzburg State Theatre, her second opera will premiere next year.

VIDEO: Alma Deutscher with Jane Glover – Alma Deutscher: Piano Concerto at Carnegie Hall
     

12. Florence Price (1887 – 1953)

Florence Price, the first Black woman to gain recognition on a national level as a composer, grew up as a piano prodigy, playing in her first piano recital at age 4 and having her first composition published at 11.

     

     

Francesca Caccini
Francesca Caccini

13. Francesca Caccini (1587 – 1645)

Composer Francesca Caccini made her debut as a singer at King Henry IV and Maria de Medici’s wedding at age 13. Her first opera, La Stiava, premiered at the Florentine Carnival when she was 20 years old. 

     

     


     

14. Alice Mary Smith (1839 – 1884)

Known as the first British woman to compose a symphony, Alice Mary Smith’s first song was published when she was just 18. She completed her symphony at age 24 in 1863.

     

Élisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre
Élisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre / Wikimedia

15. Élisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre (1665 – 1729)

Accepted into King Louis XIV’s court as a teenager (around 15 years old), Élisabeth Jacquet de la Guerre performed as a singer and harpsichordist and later became France’s first female opera composer. 

     


     

16. Alondra de la Parra (1980 – )

In her early 20’s, conductor Alondra de la Parra founded the Philharmonic Orchestra of the Americas (POA). Starting at age 22, de la Parra has developed several music education programs in New York City public schools. Later in her career, she became the first ever female music director of an Australian orchestra.

Watch video: Moncayo – Huapango (Alondra de la Parra, Orchestre de Paris)

     

Maria Louise Ewing senior class photo at Finney High School in Detroit (1968).
Maria Louise Ewing / Wikipedia

17. Maria Ewing (1950 – 2022)

Maria Ewing made her professional debut as an opera singer at the age of 20. Three years later, she received high praise for her Ravinia Festival debut from a Chicago Tribune reviewer: “I cannot remember a young singer who has excited me more on a first hearing… Still in her early twenties, she has the clear stamp of greatness in every movement and tone.”

     

18. Rebecca Young (1966 – )

In 1986, violist Rebecca Young became the youngest member of the New York Philharmonic at 20 years old. She received an offer to join when she was still attending Juilliard as an undergraduate student.  

VIDEO: We Are NY Phil: Associate Principal Viola Rebecca Young
     

19. Alexandra Whittingham (1997 – )

As a teenager, classical guitarist Alexandra Whittingham was already a rising star in the music scene, winning the inaugural Edinburgh Guitar Competition at just 16. At 22, she was awarded first class honors at the Royal Academy of Music and the 2019 Timothy Gilson Guitar Prize.

VIDEO: Alexandra Whittingham plays Forgotten by Madame Sidney Pratten on a 1938 Julian Gomez Ramirez
     

20. Carol Jantsch (1985 – )

In 2006, Carol Jantsch became the youngest member of the Philadelphia Orchestra at 21 years old. In the same year, she became the first woman to hold a principal tuba chair in one of the nation’s top orchestras.

VIDEO: Yale School of Music Faculty in performance: Carol Jantsch (Tuba)

     

Portrait of Maddalena Casulana
Portrait of Maddalena Casulana.
By Unknown author, CC BY 3.0.

21. Maddalena Casulana (1544 – 1590)

Maddalena Casulana published her first collection of madrigals, “Il Desiderio,” at the age of 22. She was an Italian composer and the first female composer to have an entire book of her work printed in Western musical history. 

     


     

     


     

     

22. Shulamit Ran (1949 – )

Composer Shulamit Ran began setting Hebrew poetry to music around age 7, and began studying composition with top Israeli composers, including Alexander Boskovich and Paul Ben-Haim, by 9 years old.

VIDEO: ‘I Had To Do It My Way’ – An Interview with Shulamit Ran
     

Charlotte Symphony Orchestra Announces Its 2022-23 Season

The Charlotte Symphony announced Monday the details of their 2022-23 season. The Classical Series will feature eleven guest conductors who will lead works by John Adams, Beethoven, Brahms, Copland, Anna Clyne, Grieg, William Grant Still, among others. Additionally, Conductor Laureate and Music Adviser Christopher Warren-Green returns to conduct Handel’s Messiah.

The Charlotte Symphony’s 2022–23 Classical Series opens with a program featuring Elgar’s Cello Concerto, performed by Israeli cellist Inbal Segev, conducted by Andrew Grams. The program, which takes place October 7–8, 2022, will also include R. Strauss’s Aus Italien and PIVOT, a new work by GRAMMY-nominated composer Anna Clyne.

“The 2022–23 season is truly emblematic of what the Charlotte Symphony does best,” said President and CEO David Fisk. “The Orchestra will welcome a variety of guest conductors and artists with perspectives from around the world, offering a taste of the Symphony’s incredible range and versatility and laying the groundwork for an even more vibrant future. We’ll also continue to strengthen the cultural fabric of our community through inspiring performances, our commitment to accessible music education, and meaningful collaborations with partners throughout the city. With such a wide range of offerings, the Charlotte Symphony truly has something for everyone.”

Highlights for the season include the return of conductor Jessica Cottis, leading the Orchestra and Charlotte Master Chorale in Mendelssohn’s Symphony No. 2, Lobgesang (Hymn of Praise), and a performance of Bruch’s Violin Concerto featuring Concertmaster Calin Ovidiu Lupanu as soloist, conducted by Mei-Ann Chen. The Charlotte Symphony closes its season with Kazem Abdullah conducting Mozart’s Symphony No. 38 in D Major, Prague; Stravinsky’s Violin Concerto in D major, featuring Alexi Kenney as soloist; and Dvorak’s Symphony No. 8 in G major.

For a full rundown of the Charlotte Symphony Orchestra 2022-23 season, visit the Charlotte Symphony website.

Pictured: The Belk Theater at Blumenthal Performing Arts Center; Courtesy Charlotte Symphony.

Corigliano Symphony Shows Charlotte’s Orchestra at Its Most Dazzling

By Lawrence Toppman

A good conductor can remind us why we fell in love with a piece of classical music. But a very good conductor can make us fall in love with a piece that has always left us cold. That happened Friday night, when Paolo Bortolameolli led an overwhelming performance of John Corigliano’s Symphony No. 1 that finally convinced me of its merit.

He did so first with words, breaking down this complicated work in the longest spoken introduction I remember hearing from the Belk Theater stage. (This is not a complaint; quite the opposite.) Then he did it by leading the Charlotte Symphony Orchestra through 45 minutes of emotional mood swings that left him, them and us wrung out.

If you know Corigliano, who turned 84 last week, you probably recall his rhapsodic, Oscar-winning score for “The Red Violin.” His 1991 symphony, whose first movement bears the subtitle “Of Rage and Remembrance,” comes from a different place. He responded to friends’ deaths from AIDS in music that churns with distress, plunges into grief, seeks solace and seems briefly to find it, erupts again in pain and finally subsides into an exhausted meditation.

Envision 17 brass players lined up against the back of the stage, like a firing squad shooting bullets of angst and anger. Or string players strumming their instruments like maddened mandolinists during a demented tarantella. Or cellist Alan Black keening through a solo lament that’s picked up by his fellow musicians as it builds to a volcanic outburst, then ebbs away.

To see this live, as you can do tonight, creates an impression that even the Grammy-winning recording by Daniel Barenboim and the Chicago Symphony could not do. It’s the difference between watching a championship fight on TV and sitting ringside, where every punch seems to land in your solar plexus.

Lest you be put off by such intensity, know that the first half of the evening provides more melodic and easily digestible pieces. Bortolameolli began with an appealing tone poem by his friend, Gabriela Ortiz. (Two living composers on one CSO program? A rarity indeed.)

“Téenek — Invenciones de Territorio” got its world premiere five years ago and has the kind of propulsive, swinging rhythms I associate with other Mexican composers, such as Carlos Chávez or Silvestre Revueltas. Ortiz alternates between disciplined ferocity and mysticism, but the music hardly ever stops percolating.

Christine Lamprea took center stage for Dmitri Kabalevsky’s Cello Concerto No. 1, the shorter and more accessible of his two concertos for that instrument. It offers snatches of folk songs throughout, and the composer spoke of it as a memorial to young soldiers killed in World War II. Yet Bortolameolli asked us to think of it in coded terms, like the works of Shostakovich when he had to placate Stalin. (I’m not wholly convinced: Unlike Prokofiev and Shostakovich, Kabalevsky seemed comfortable with the mind-dulling tenets of “socialist realism” in art.)

Bortolameolli and Lamprea made a case that the merriment is meant to be hollow, the melancholy sections slightly ironic, the humor more sardonic than bemused. Her lustrous and fervent playing made the whole thing memorable, rather than merely attractive.

I left wondering what Bortolameolli might do with traditional repertoire of the 19th century. Any guest conductor may be assumed to be auditioning for the music director’s job that Christopher Warren-Green will leave this summer. Whoever replaces him will have to serve up Tchaikovsky and Brahms, if perhaps in smaller doses than Charlotte has traditionally heard. Can Bortolameolli bring Rachmaninov to life, as he did Corigliano?

Pictured: Paolo Bortolameolli by Josefina Perez.

Unconventional “Pathétique” Caps Unusual Charlotte Symphony Concert

By Lawrence Toppman

I have long believed the way a conductor approaches Tchaikovsky’s Sixth Symphony depends on whether he thought the composer killed himself.

Was Tchaikovsky a tortured, unstable neurotic who took his own life – either by choice or under pressure from court officials — because his homosexuality created a scandal? Or was he a man who, having sketched out a third piano concerto and discussed a concert tour, simply caught cholera and died?

Kensho Watanabe’s interpretation put him firmly in the first camp Friday night at Belk Theater. His performance drove every emotion in the piece to its outer limits, whipping the orchestra into frenzies and dropping it into funereal reveries. Most of the audience rewarded him with a roar of approval. Mine will be a dissenting voice.

Watanabe and pianist Sara Davis Buechner gave sympathetic renditions of two unusual pieces before intermission: Anna Clyne’s “Within Her Arms,” a tribute to the composer’s late mother, and Clara Schumann’s Piano Concerto in A Minor, with a middle movement that hushes the orchestra and lets the soloist shine in a mini-sonata with a cellist. (Alan Black played his smaller part feelingly.)

Clyne’s work for 15 strings initially seems a cousin to Samuel Barber’s orchestration of his Adagio: Both use only strings, have layered fragments of melody and project the quality of a lament. (Barber’s adaptation of the slow movement from his string quartet didn’t start that way but has acquired this meaning over time.)

Yet Clyne’s sparse use of the strings and refusal to resolve the wispy, touching fragments of sound into a climax make her closer kin to Morton Feldman, though with more directly communicated feelings.

Schumann wrote her concerto as a teenager, assisted to some degree by her future husband. (Robert set his piano concerto, written a decade later, in the same key.) Yet her music owes more to Liszt in its moments of high drama and hints of gypsy wildness in the finale, and it owes nothing to anyone in its tender passages.

Buechner moved fluidly from bravura sections to gentler ones, reminding us in the long solo of the intermediate romanze that Clara Schumann wrote beautiful songs. Watanabe conducted with such joie de vivre that Buechner rocked with joy on the piano bench when not playing.

Watanabe told us with the agonizingly slow opening moments of the Tchaikovsky where he intended to take us. We immediately entered a gloomy dream, and he snapped us out with a thunderclap to start the first movement allegro. From there, each movement took on the hint of madness that plagues a hypersensitive brain.

The modified waltz of the second movement, now restless and bouncing, lost all elegance and warmth. The third movement march, bustling so feverishly that it recalled the scurrying mouse music in “Nutcracker,” built to a nightmarish frenzy. (Kudos to the orchestra for playing it well at that speed.)

Tchaikovsky the manic-depressive showed up in the finale, which alternated between the now-familiar melancholia (punctuated by long pauses) and bursts of nervous energy that slowly petered out to nothingness, as if the exhausted composer had finally collapsed.

Perhaps your interpretation of Tchaikovsky’s last finished symphony (he left sketches for another) also depends on your understanding of the title. After rejecting the name “Program Symphony,” because he didn’t want listeners guessing what the program was supposed to be, Tchaikovsky chose a Russian title meaning “passionate.”

His brother Modest suggested the French “Pathétique,” usually translated as “pathetic.” That stuck, perhaps over the composer’s objections, when he died nine days after the premiere and the publisher printed it on the score. If you’re looking for the pathetic Tchaikovsky, you’ll find him when the concert repeats tonight.

Pictured: Kensho Watanabe, conductor; by Irina Belashov.

Black History Month: The First and the Future

Each week throughout the month of February, WDAV’s First and The Future blog series highlights two Black composers or musicians who have shaped the course of classical music: one who shattered a historical barrier, and one whose extraordinary achievements in the same field continue today. Check back here every Monday for the next pair of classical artists!

     


     

PIANISTS

Hazel Harrison

The first fully American-trained musician to appear with a European orchestra; the first Black woman to perform as a soloist with the Berlin Philharmonic

Portrait of Hazel Harrison.
Hazel Harrison

Born in 1883, pianist Hazel Harrison’s proficiency at just 8 years old allowed her to earn extra money accompanying local parties and dances. While attending one such event, German pianist Victor Heinze noticed Harrison’s remarkable gifts and asked to take her on as a student. She would continue to study with Heinze throughout her early years, even commuting to Chicago regularly from LaPorte, Indiana to maintain her studies after he moved. Harrison developed a steady career as a private instructor and performer in her late teens, but it wasn’t until two years after her high school graduation that her big break arrived. 

In 1904, Harrison was invited to travel to Germany to play with the Berlin Philharmonic. The concert, at which she played Chopin’s Piano Concerto in E Minor and Grieg’s Piano Concerto in A Minor, was both a critical success and the marker of two historical firsts: Harrison became the first entirely American-trained musician to perform with a European orchestra and the first Black woman to perform as a soloist with the Berlin Philharmonic. Her 1910 performance at Chicago’s Kimball Hall was an even greater success, inspiring one music critic to advocate for the local music community to sponsor Harrison’s return to Germany for continued training. 

Faced with the challenges of World War I and the Great Depression, opportunities to perform grew scarce for Harrison after her time in Europe, though she did continue to play concerts and recitals periodically. Harrison spent six years teaching at the Tuskegee Institute, once giving a student this advice

“You must always play your best… even if it’s in the waiting room at Chehaw Station, because in this country there’ll always be a little man hidden behind the stove.”

Harrison later became chair of the piano faculty at Howard University, where she established the Olive J. Harrison Piano Scholarship Fund in honor of her mother. She passed away at the age of 86 in 1969. For more information on Hazel Harrison’s life and accomplishments, read a full bio here. 

     

Isata Kanneh-Mason

At 25 years old, Isata Kanneh-Mason is quickly gaining traction as one of today’s most extraordinary young pianists. Though neither of her parents are musicians, Kanneh-Mason was raised in a deeply musical family: she is the oldest of seven siblings, all of whom excel in classical music, and the family often comes together for collaborative videos and recordings. In 2015, Kanneh-Mason and six of her siblings made it to the semi-finals on Britain’s Got Talent, where Simon Cowell commented that the Kanneh-Masons were “probably the most talented family in the world.” 

Family accomplishments aside, Kanneh-Mason has more than earned distinction as a soloist in recent years. After receiving her Master of Arts in Performance degree in 2020 from London’s Royal Academy of Music, where she studied as an Elton John Scholar, her concert career has reached new heights with engagements across the globe. Kanneh-Mason’s accomplishments in just the past three years include being named one of the European Concert Hall Organization’s Rising Stars, making her Wigmore Hall solo recital debut, serving as Young Artist in Residence with the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, and making her debut as a television presenter at 2019 BBC Proms.

Gramophone magazine lauded Kanneh-Mason’s 2019 debut album, “Romance – the Piano Music of Clara Schumann,” as “one of the most charming and engaging debuts.” Her second album, “Summertime,” was released in July 2021. Last November, Kanneh-Mason and her brother Sheku spoke with NPR about the importance of representation in classical music: 

“We always feel so happy when there are more young people, and more Black people in our audiences… when they say they started playing because of seeing us, I think it’s just a wonderful thing. And it definitely keeps you wanting to do it, and it keeps you inspired.”

Kanneh-Mason’s recent accolades include the 2021 Leonard Bernstein Award, a 2020 Opus Klassik Best Young Artist award, and the 2021 Best Classical Artist award at the Global Awards (won jointly with her siblings). To read more about Isata Kanneh-Mason, visit her official website here. 

Video: Isata Kanneh-Mason – I Got Rhythm – Earl Wild (After George Gershwin)

     

Sources and Further Reading

Extraordinary pianist and gifted teacher Hazel Harrison (New York Amsterdam News)

Hazel Lucile Harrison (1883-1969) (Blackpast)

Hazel Harrison (WIkipedia)

Isata Kanneh-Mason (Official Website: Isata Kanneh-Mason)

Isata Kanneh-Mason (Official Website: The Kanneh-Masons)

For classical stars Sheku and Isata Kanneh-Mason, representation matters (NPR)

     


     

CLASSICAL GUITARISTS

Justin Holland

One of the earliest American guitar virtuosos; considered the United States’ first Black classical guitarist and Cleveland’s first Black professional musician

Justin Holland
By William J. Simmons(Life time: unknown) - Original publication: Men of MarkImmediate

Classical guitarist and civil rights activist Justin Holland is remembered as one of the United States’ most important early classical music figures. Born in Virginia in 1819, Holland moved to Boston at 14 after the death of his parents and Nat Turner’s Insurrection, and there he discovered a knack for the guitar. He would go on to study with guitar masters at Oberlin College followed by two years in Mexico, where he honed his Spanish language skills to better understand classical guitar pedagogy “at its source.” 

Holland returned to Ohio in 1845 and settled in Cleveland, quickly establishing himself as a well respected, no-nonsense guitar instructor; in his own words, he maintained “the most cautious and circumspect demeanor, considering the relation a mere business one that gave me no claims upon my pupils’ attention or hospitality beyond what any ordinary business matter would give.” In addition to his musical pursuits, Holland was known to work with Frederick Douglass as a member of the Underground Railroad and campaigned tirelessly for abolition and civil rights throughout his life. 

Now considered Cleveland’s first Black professional musician, his reputation as a composer, performer, and teacher blossomed into fame. Holland played the guitar, piano, and flute professionally, and his many published works achieved national popularity (though he is credited with 35 original compositions and 300 arrangements, roughly ⅔ of those have been lost). His instructional texts, including his Comprehensive Method for the Guitar (1874), were some of the earliest of their kind in the United States and remain hugely influential in classical guitar instruction today.  

For more information about Justin Holland, find a full bio and media sources on his life in the links below. 

Video: Ernie Jackson plays Rochester Schottische by W. H. Ruliston, arranged by Justin Holland

     

Raphaël Feuillâtre

Video: Rameau’s “Le Rappel Des Oiseaux” played by Raphaël Feuillâtre

Hailed as a “tremendously versatile and sensitive player,” French classical guitarist Raphaël Feuillâtre was already well known in European circles when he entered the U.S. classical guitar scene with a splash: in 2018, he took first prize at the Guitar Foundation of America International Concert Artist Competition, the most important American competition of its kind. Born in 1996, Feuillâtre explains his childhood attraction to the guitar in an interview with Classical Guitar Magazine:

“I’ve no exact memories of why I chose the guitar, but it was this instrument or nothing! … First, I had an electric guitar toy and then a classical one. I would play it all the time, so my parents understood that it was not just some childish desire, but something I really wanted and probably needed.”

Feuillâtre started guitar lessons at the Cholet Conservatory at age nine, soon moving up to the Conservatory of Nantes and the Paris National Superior Conservatory of Music and Dance, where he earned his Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in Classical Guitar with highest honors. Now just 26 years old, his achievements – though remarkable – have only just begun. In addition to his landmark GFA competition win, he is the recipient of several major awards, including first prize at both the International Guitar Competition José Tomás and the Concours & Festival de Guitare. WQXR named his album “Guitar Recital: Raphaël Feuillâtre” one of the best classical recordings of 2019, praising his “virtuoso technique and elegant phrasing.”

Feuillâtre planned to stop competing as of July 2019, choosing to focus instead on his burgeoning career as a concert artist and instructor. His full bio can be found here

     

Sources and Further Reading

The Legacy of Guitar Virtuoso Justin Holland Lives On (The Met)

Remembering Justin Holland, guitarist and crusader (Boston Globe)

HOLLAND, JUSTIN (Encyclopedia of Cleveland History)

Justin Holland (WUOL)

Justin Holland (Wikipedia)

Raphaël Feuillâtre Puts His Stamp on the Classical Guitar World (Classical Guitar Magazine)

RAPHAËL FEUILLATRE (Suarez)

The Best Classical Recordings of 2019 (WQXR)

     


     

MUSICOLOGISTS 

Dr. Eileen Southern

First Black woman to hold a tenured full professorship at Harvard University; publisher of the first musicological journal on the study of Black music

VIDEO: Light the Way Home: Eileen Southern’s Story || Harvard Radcliffe institute

It’s difficult to overstate the impact of Dr. Eileen Southern’s work on the scholarship of Black music. Born in Minneapolis in 1920, Southern studied piano throughout her early years, making her debut at Chicago’s Orchestra Hall at the age of 18. During the 1940’s, Southern completed her bachelor’s and master’s degrees at the University of Chicago, embarked on a decades-long teaching career, and toured the United States as a concert pianist. 

Having received her Ph.D. at New York University, Southern became a music faculty member at Brooklyn College in the 1960’s. There, she was asked to develop a course incorporating Black Studies into the musicology field. Southern was infuriated when a colleague claimed there was “nothing to Black music” in a meeting about the course’s potential and sought out works that would prove his remarks were baseless. However, only three books on the subject had been published at the time, and none were widely available – so Southern got to work, scouring libraries and collections for original materials. The painstaking research she devoted to the effort was so comprehensive that it became the basis for her book The Music of Black Americans, still considered a landmark work in music studies today. 

Southern and her husband Joseph made history with the founding of The Black Perspective in Music, the first musicological journal on the study of Black music, in 1973. The journal’s mission was clearly defined in its first editorial

“[The Black Perspective in Music] seeks to improve the conditions for the performance, publication, and recording of an important area of American and African music that hitherto has not received its due share of attention.”

The following year, Southern joined the faculty of Harvard University, soon becoming the first Black woman to hold a tenured professorship at the institution. Southern’s time at Harvard was filled with remarkable successes in spite of racist and sexist treatment from fellow faculty members, including her instrumental role in the development of Harvard’s Afro-American Studies Department and service as its first chair. 
Among other accolades, Southern was the recipient of a 2001 National Humanities Medal for her work to “transform the study and understanding of American music” and a 2000 Lifetime Achievement Award from the Society for American Music. More information about Southern’s life, work, and influence can be found through Harvard’s Eileen Southern Initiative.

     

Dr. Samantha Ege

VIDEO: Fantasie Nègre No.4 in B Minor [original] by Florence Price performed by Samantha Ege

A “leading interpreter and scholar” of composer Florence Price (and 2019 Society for American Music Eileen Southern Fellowship recipient), Dr. Samantha Ege is making incredible strides as a champion of composers from underrepresented backgrounds. Ege, who began playing the piano at the age of three, was astonished to hear the music of Margaret Bonds and Florence Price for the first time during one of her undergraduate classes. “It had been inculcated in me to see classical music through a narrow lens that rendered the contributions of Black women entirely absent,” Ege explained in an op-ed for The Guardian. “My music education proceeded from there and left me looking into a world in which I felt I could never truly belong.” Galvanized by the discovery of influential Black women in classical music, Ege’s lifelong passion for lesser-known works took root. 

In 2009, a scenario straight out of a musicologist’s wildest dreams unfolded: though much of Florence Price’s work was believed to be lost, a trove of her written scores and papers was discovered in an abandoned house set to be renovated. For the past several years, Ege has combed through the archives, working to catalog and preserve the pages’ priceless content. Ege was particularly interested in Price’s Fantasie Nègre No 3 in F Minor, a presumed-unfinished work that “ended after two pages really abruptly.” 

Using Price’s other compositions as a blueprint, Ege’s hypotheses on “where the music could go” led her to uncover what she believed to be the work’s remaining pages, which had been sitting untouched for decades. As she played through the music that evening, Ege realized that the pieces fit perfectly into place. She described to BBC Music that it felt like “history was coming to life… I sort of had chills thinking about the fact that I am hearing this music for the first time in this century.” Ege recorded the complete work for the first time as part of her 2021 album “Fantasie Nègre – The Piano Music of Florence Price,” which includes numerous other finds from the archive. 
Currently the Lord Crewe Junior Research Fellow in Music at Lincoln College, University of Oxford, Ege has received the American Musicological Society’s 2021 Noah Greenberg Award and will publish her first book, South Side Impresarios: Race Women in the Realm of Music, in 2024. Ege’s third studio album, “Black Renaissance Woman,” will be released later this year. To learn more about Dr. Samantha Ege’s achievements and current projects, visit her official website here.

VIDEO: Four Women pianist Samantha Ege on Florence Price
     

Sources and Further Reading

The Work of Pioneering Musicologist Eileen Southern (JSTOR Daily)

Eileen Jackson Southern Memorial Minute (The Harvard Gazette)

Eileen Southern and the Music of Black Americans

The Eileen Southern Initiative (Harvard University) 

Florence Price: Forgotten work by pioneering composer rediscovered (BBC)

‘Their music lit a fire in me’: hearing the voices of three neglected composers gave me my own (The Guardian)

Dr. Samantha Ege – Official Website

     


     

Everett Lee

Everett Lee (1948)
By Carl Van Vechten,
Library of Congress, Public Domain.

First Black Conductor on Broadway

After being introduced to the violin at the age of 8, conductor, violinist, and scholar Everett Lee’s musical gifts took flight quickly. He continued his studies in violin at the Cleveland Institute of Music, later touring the southern United States as a well-known concert violinist, and pursued conducting at The Juilliard School. 

Lee’s history-making Broadway career began when he was asked to move to New York City to join the orchestra for “Carmen Jones,” an update of Georges Bizet’s Carmen featuring an all-Black cast, in 1943. One night, Lee was asked to fill in at the podium when the show’s regular conductor was snowed in – and Leonard Bernstein happened to hear Lee’s work with the orchestra. Impressed, Bernstein invited Lee to serve as permanent music director for his musical “On the Town.” Lee agreed, becoming Broadway’s first Black conductor in 1945. 

In the coming years, Lee would continue to break barriers as one of the first Black conductors to lead both a major opera company and a white orchestra in the American South, but racism denied him many opportunities afforded to white conductors of his status. Oscar Hammerstein II notably refused to hire Lee as a conductor for his touring shows, giving the excuse that stops in the South would be difficult to book with Lee at the helm. In a 1970 interview with the Atlanta Constitution, Lee recalled being turned away from auditions at two major American orchestras: 

“I then made up my mind that if I can’t join you, then I will lead you. I did make good on that promise to myself. Those two orchestras that denied me even an audition, I have conducted… I just had to. I just had to show them that I was there.”

After Lee and his family expatriated to Germany in 1957, his star began to rise throughout Europe, where he became the chief conductor of Sweden’s Norrköping Symphony Orchestra in 1962. His lengthy and highly decorated career included directing tenures at Columbia University’s opera department, the Symphony of the New World, and Colombia’s Bogotá Philharmonic Orchestra, and he made regular conducting appearances at Carnegie Hall through the 1980’s. 

Lee passed away earlier this year at the age of 105, leaving behind a remarkable legacy for generations of conductors to come. Archivists in Lee’s hometown of Wheeling, Ohio compiled the following video in honor of his life. 

     

VIDEO: Everett Lee Tribute
     

Ofentse Pitse

First Black South African Woman to Conduct and Own an All-Black Orchestra

Young conductor and architect Ofentse Pitse is the founder and leader of Anchored Sound, an all-Black orchestra based in Johannesburg, South Africa. Pitse fell in love with music growing up in the band and choral traditions of her church, but her access to formal music education was limited; in an interview with Forbes Africa, Pitse describes the elitist environment of her childhood school’s music department: 

“I remember one day just wanting to touch the piano in the music department… and being told, ‘no, you can’t touch the piano’. That made me feel so small. My argument will always be that you have to be what you want to see; you cannot fight a system if you are not willing to challenge it yourself.”

Though she went on to pursue a career in architecture, Pitse’s passion for music only grew stronger. Intrigued by standout soloists she had encountered at choir competitions in the area, Pitse gathered a handful of singers for a jam session at a local church on her 25th birthday – and immediately sensed that she had found something special. The jam sessions continued to grow week after week, and before long, an entire orchestra had materialized. 

Initially apprehensive to lead the orchestra, Pitse reached out to conductor Gerben Grooten for mentorship. Describing her “raw talent and raw passion” in an interview with South Africa’s Sunday Times, Grooten explained that Pitse “has had an upside-down journey… she truly is a pioneer, doing what has never been done before.” Three years later, Anchored Sound has evolved into a 45-piece orchestra and 30-member choir, and Pitse’s conducting gifts have blossomed with countless hours of practice and coaching. Proceeds from the orchestra’s concerts and engagements go toward educational opportunities for its members. 

Despite the setbacks of the COVID-19 pandemic, Pitse’s hopes for Anchored Sound and the future of distinctly African orchestral music haven’t dimmed: “I’m eagerly excited… to find out how the spirit of Africa can come alive within this new world of what an orchestra can be.”

VIDEO: Changing the tune
     

Sources and Further Reading

Everett Lee, First African-American to Conduct on Broadway, Has Died at 105 (The Violin Channel)

Everett Lee, the First Black Conductor on Broadway, Passes Away at 105 (Ebony Magazine)

Everett Lee (Wikipedia)

Ofentse Pitse, first black South African woman to own and conduct an all-Black orchestra (Face2Face Africa)

Young conductor Ofentse Pitse is taking up her own baton (Sunday Times South Africa)

VIDEO: Ofentse Pitse Newzroom Africa Interview

The Musician Who is Conducting Inspiration Even During Covid (Forbes Africa)

Ofentse Pitse (Wikipedia)

Conductor Cottis, CSO Catch Fire with Lesser-Known Works

by Lawrence Toppman

Each guest conductor in this Charlotte Symphony Orchestra (CSO) season must be considered a candidate for Christopher Warren-Green’s job, once he steps down as music director this summer. So what they conduct may be as revealing as how they conduct it.

Jessica Cottis led the CSO through four pieces Friday at Knight Theater, all from the last 100 years and three unknown to most of the audience and probably many of the musicians. The orchestra responded with vital, colorful performances across a wide range, from Ravel’s glittering piano concerto in G to Stravinsky’s galumphing ”Circus Polka: For a Young Elephant.”

She saved the longest and best for last: Kurt Weill’s “The Seven Deadly Sins,” where the players romped through bits of symphonic swooning, parodies and Broadway-style tunes. Whatever Cottis may be like in Romantic Era works that make up so much of the CSO’s repertoire, she’s firmly at home in music of the 20th century.

Cottis started with a piece from our own time, Jessie Montgomery’s seven-minute “Strum” for string orchestra. Players plucked and bowed through fragments of melody that ebbed and flowed, changing in mood from celebratory to plaintive to astringent. The orchestra became a big guitar in Montgomery’s hands, right up to the warm-hearted conclusion.

Canadian pianist Stewart Goodyear, who released an album of Ravel’s piano music in 2017, soloed in Ravel’s concerto. He took at face value the composer’s statement that he wanted not to be profound but to entertain, as Mozart and Saint-Saens did.

Goodyear brought out the first movement’s breezy, jazzy flavor, stressing associations with the piano concerto Gershwin had written four years earlier in 1925; meanwhile, brass and woodwinds made ripely raucous interjections. The slow movement, meditative and dreamy in other hands, moved steadily forward with reserved dignity, and the speedy finale sparkled.

The London-based Cottis introduced the Circus Polka after intermission in a voice bearing traces of her native Australia, telling us George Balanchine choreographed it for 50 humans and 50 elephants in pink tutus. Its elephantine wit always seems labored to me, but for once it bounced along in high spirits, right up to the polka-style quotation from Schubert’s “Marche Militaire.”

Cottis neglected to say that Balanchine also choreographed “Deadly Sins” for its 1933 debut in Paris, creating a “ballet chanté.” The leading role of Anna was both sung by Weill’s wife, Lotte Lenya, and danced by Tilly Losch to indicate facets of the character’s personality. (Losch, who reportedly resembled Lenya, was married to the impresario who paid for the production. Draw your own conclusions.)

The CSO didn’t use a dancer, letting soprano Lindsay Kesselman sing Anna I and the small part of Anna II. She steered away from Lenya’s sardonic bitterness, taking Anna instead from cheerful naivete to tamped-down desperation and finally resignation, as experiences with grasping and acquisitive men beat her down. She and the four singers depicting Anna’s finger-wagging family – William Edwards, Reginald Powell, Zachary Taylor and Robert Wells – all come from North Carolina, a pleasant touch.

Yet even here, the orchestra remained the star. The acidic nature of Weill’s score came out, with hints of “The Threepenny Opera” and “Mahagonny” seeping through. (Bertolt Brecht supplied texts for all three.) The players seemed at home in the jazzy cabaret style – how rare that is for them! – and gave the appearance of improvisation, so fresh were their snarky sounds. Kudos to Cottis for showing them the way.

The concert repeats Saturday, January 29, at 7:30 p.m. For more information, go to charlottesymphony.org.

Pictured: The Belk Theater at Blumenthal Performing Arts Center; Courtesy Charlotte Symphony.

Holiday Havoc: WDAV Staff Members Share Stories of Christmases Gone Wrong

We can wish for the perfect holiday season all we want, but in the mix of family visits, packed schedules, and high expectations, it’s not uncommon for plans to go awry. When the most wonderful time of the year takes a not-so-wonderful turn, sometimes the only thing we can do is laugh (and share the story with our coworkers and listeners). 

     

Myelita Melton
Associate Content Director and Afternoon Host

“I was getting married and preparing for my first Christmas with my new in-laws, and I wanted to make a great first impression. My fiancé and I had had a professional photographer shoot engagement photos for us, so I thought pictures would make a great gift for his parents. The problem was that I didn’t have a box that was the right size, and I wanted their present to be gorgeous. As the day for the Christmas gathering approached, I had some frozen shrimp delivered – and lo and behold, the box the shrimp came in was the perfect size! It did smell a little bit, but I thought I could eradicate the odor of the shrimp by dousing the box with spices like cinnamon and nutmeg. The package was beautiful, but the second my mother-in-law took off the first piece of tape, the smell of shrimp invaded the living room! I’ve never been more embarrassed in my life at delivering a gift that was truly a fish out of water!”

     

Will Keible
Director of Marketing and Corporate Support

“Trouble. I had a knack for finding it when I was kid. And each year at Christmas I was reminded how much of it I had caused by the number of sticks that my parents… err… Santa left in my stocking. When I was 8 years old, and still squarely in the pro-Santa camp, I was greeted at the fireplace with an entire sapling stuck in my stocking. It was so big that it brushed up against the ceiling. I recognized it immediately as the tree that I had snapped in half while roughhousing with my friends that past Summer. My Dad had recently planted it and was more than a little angry to see it contorted into a right angle. I don’t know if he hatched the plan for the stocking then and there, but its appearance six months later is evidence that my Dad rarely missed an opportunity for a well-timed joke.”

     

Anonymous

“One moment that is forever seared into my memory is the night Santa Claus skipped our house. As kids, my brother and I were notorious for taking forever to fall asleep the night before Christmas, and I guess my parents had had enough of it this particular year. Just as my mom was begging us to go to sleep, my dad walked past our bedroom windows shaking a set of jingle bells, which we all heard loud and clear. Mom shrugged and explained that the sound of bells passing by meant that Santa knew we weren’t asleep yet, and ‘maybe if you go to bed right this second, he’ll come back!’ I won’t say I recommend it, but it worked like a charm, and we all crack up about it to this day.” 

     

Kendra Intihar
Assistant General Manager & Director of Community Outreach

“When my brother was 10 and I was 13, we committed the Christmas crime we are still paying for all these decades later.

Our family did not have extra money to throw around when I was growing up, but somehow, Mama always made Christmas look like a cozy movie scene. She was so careful, thoughtful, and precise about how much money she spent on each of us and how all the toys and packages would look laid out in the living room next to the tree. Our stockings were stuffed to overflowing, and the toys Santa left for us were thoughtfully displayed without wrapping paper with the tree and the mantle as a backdrop, like a beautiful department store window with its moody colors and twinkling lights. It was her joy to get up with us on Christmas morning and watch us open our gifts.

At six o’clock that infamous Christmas morning, I sneaked into my brother’s room and announced quietly that Santa had come. We knew Mama hadn’t gotten a lot of sleep, so we resolved that we’d go open all of our presents quietly so as not to disturb her. When she woke up, we’d “tell” her what we got and how much we loved it.

Reader, I need you to know something: This was the worst idea I’ve ever had, and it isn’t even close. Mama alternated between crying and yelling for a week, and the Ghost of Christmas Past visits my brother and me every single year as we sit and endure the time-honored tradition of listening to our mother tell her version of the scandalous event. I live in hope that my own children will someday allow me the pleasure of haranguing them for decades, too.”